ECR Fact Sheet Series
White House, Commerce Department, and State Department Fact Sheets:
State Fact Sheet: Export Control Reform Marks One Year of Progress
November 3, 2014
Commerce Media Note: Export Control Reform: Administration Publishes Changes to Regulations Controlling Exports of Military Electronics
June 30, 2014
White House Fact Sheet: Announcing the Revised U.S. Export Control System
October 15, 2013
State Media Note: Export Control Reform: First Final Rules Go into Effect
October 15, 2013
State Fact Sheet: Reinventing the System and Promoting National Security
May 10, 2013
White House Fact Sheet: Implementation of Export Control Reform
March 8, 2013
White House Fact Sheet: Latest Steps Implementing President’s ECR Initiative
March 7, 2012
White House Fact Sheet on the President’s Export Control Reform Initiative
April 20, 2010
EO 13637 – Administrative Changes from ECR (March 8, 2013)
EO 13558 – E2C2 Established (November 9, 2010)
Remarks as delivered by Secretary of Defense Robert M. Gates
April 20, 2010
Export Control Reform Decision Tree Tools
Department of Commerce submits NDAA for FY 2013 “1263 Report” to Congress on Country Exemptions for Licensing of Exports of Certain Satellites and Related Items
May 1, 2013
Department of Commerce submits NDAA for FY 2013 “1264 Report” to Congress on End-Use Monitoring of Exports of Certain Satellites and Related Items
May 1, 2013
Departments of Defense and State submit the Risk Assessment of U.S. Space Export Control Policy, “1248 Report”, to Congress. White House releases fact sheet on the report.
April 18, 2012
In February 2015, the GAO issued a report evaluating various agencies’ efforts to implement program designed to protect critical technologies; the President’s Export Control Reform Initiative is one such program. GAO recommends that agencies with lead and stakeholder responsibilities take steps to promote and strengthen collaboration mechanisms among their respective programs. Read the report: Critical Technologies: Agency Initiatives Address Some Weaknesses, but Additional Interagency Collaboration is Needed.
In January 2013, the GAO issued a report evaluating the utility of the Department of Defense’s Military Critical Technologies List (MCTL), which has not been successful informing export decisions – it’s original purpose. The GAO previously reported in 2006 that the MTCL was out of date and not meeting user’s needs. This report updates the GAO’s 2006 work and recommends DOD take further action to determine the best approach for meeting users’ requirements for a technical reference to identify critical technologies. Read the report: Protecting Defense Technologies: DOD Assessment Needed to Determine Requirement for Critical Technologies List.
In November 2012, the GAO issued a report evaluating compliance and enforcement of export control rules for items that do not require a license. These issues were identified as areas of interest by former House Foreign Affairs Committee Chair Ileana Ros-Lehtinen and Ranking Member Howard Berman; the full report can be found at: Export Controls: Compliance and Enforcement Activities and Congressional Notification Requirements Under Country-Based License Exemptions. [Accessible Text]
In April 2012, the Government Accountability Office (GAO) released a report that evaluates how Export Control Reform will affect the U.S. Department of Commerce’s ability to conduct end-use checks on controlled items. The Executive Branch is reviewing the report and factoring it into on-going activities in the reform effort. Read the report: Export Controls – U.S. Agencies Need to Assess Control List Reform’s Impact on Compliance Activities. [Accessible Text]
In March 2012, the GAO released a report regarding enforcement of U.S. export control regulations. The report cited a number of concerns with the current system, but noted that the creation of the Export Enforcement Coordination Center (E2C2) and revisions to both the U.S. Munitions List (USML) and Commerce Control List (CCL) could help export control enforcement efforts. Read the report here: Export Controls – Proposed Reforms Create Opportunities to Address Enforcement Challenges [Accessible Text].
In February 2011 the GAO issued a report on the need for improvements in preventing unauthorized transfers to foreign nationals in the United States. The report does not specifically address the possible impact of the on-going export control reform efforts. Read report: Export Controls – Improvements Needed to Prevent Unauthorized Technology Releases to Foreign Nationals. [Accessible Text]
In February 2011 the GAO issued its updated “High Risk List” that includes how the U.S. Government protects critical technologies as one of its high risk areas. This was first added to the “High Risk List” in 2007. The new report addresses the risks and how the reform effort is addressing them (see pp. 1-2, 107-110 of the report). Read report: High Risk Series – An Update. [Accessible Text]
In November 2010, the GAO issued a report on the President’s Export Control Reform Initiative (ECR), specifically looking at how the proposed ECR reforms addressed findings from previous GAO reports about the U.S. export control system. Read report: Export Controls – Agency Actions and Proposed Reform Initiative May Address Previously Identified Weaknesses, but Challenges Remain. [Accessible Text]
In September 2010, the GAO issued a report identifying the lack of data collection and reporting on defense exports, through either the Foreign Military Sales (FMS) program or direct commercial sales. Read report: Defense Exports – Reporting on Exported Articles and Services Needs to Be Improved. [Accessible Text]
In May 2010, the GAO issued a report which examined the export control systems of six U.S. allies-Australia, Canada, France, Germany, Japan, and the United Kingdom. The report focused on the extent to which the export control systems in those countries were structurally different from the U.S. The report also looks at how the Defense Trade Cooperation Treaties may impact export controls in the U.S. Read report: Observations on Selected Countries’ Systems and Proposed Treaties [Accessible Text]
In March 2010, a GAO report looked at the errors in collecting data on the total number of goods being exported from the U.S. to Iran. The report also noted the lack of information sharing between the U.S. Department of Treasury and the U.S. Customs and Border Protection. Read report: Iran Sanctions – Complete and Timely Licensing Data Needed to Strengthen Enforcement of Export Restrictions. [Accessible Text]
Export Administration Regulations (EAR) Exporter Tools
Commerce Control List (CCL) Order of Review
The CCL Order of Review Decision Tool will assist users in understanding the steps to follow in reviewing the CCL.
“Specially Designed” - EAR 600 Series
The Commerce “Specially Designed” Decision Tool will assist users in determining if an item will be “specially designed” under the Export Administration Regulations.
Strategic Trade Authorization (STA) License Exception
The Strategic Trade Authorization (STA) tool will help users of the License Exception STA determine if they are eligible to use and will be in compliance with License Exception STA.
International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR) Exporter Tools
“Specially Designed” - ITAR
The State ‘Specially Designed” Decision Tool will assist users in determining if an item will be “specially designed” under the Export Administration Regulations.
Order of Review - USML
The USML Order of Review Decision Tool will assist users in understanding the classification steps for the International Traffic in Arms Regulations.
Department of Commerce, Bureau of Industry and Security
Department of State, Directorate of Defense Trade Controls
Department of the Treasury, Office of Foreign Assets Control